How To Type Math Symbols on Keyboard + Alt Codes - How to Type Anything (2023)

Math symbols are signs or characters use to represent a mathematical object, an action on mathematical objects or their relation, or to structure other symbols in a formula.

This guide will teach you how to type Math Symbols on a Mac or Windows PC using shortcuts on the keyboard, plus other amazing methods.

There are different methods for typing these characters for different documents depending on the Operating System you are using. You’ll pick up each of these techniques in no time.

Let’s get started.

Table of Contents

Type Math Symbols using Alt Code (Windows)

To type any Math Symbol with this method, press and hold the alt key, then type the Math Sign alt code.

All the math symbols Alt Codes are given in the table below.

Math Symbol DescriptionMath SymbolsMath Alt Codes
Plus Sign+Alt + 43
Minus SignAlt + 45
Multiplication Sign×Alt + 0215
Divide by / Division sign÷Alt + 0247
Percentage Sign%Alt + 37
Per mille (per thousand)Alt + 0137
Plus or Minus±Alt + 241
Exactly IdenticalAlt + 240
Equals=Alt + 61
Approximately equalAlt + 247
Less Than<Alt + 60
Greater Than>Alt + 62
Greater than or equalAlt + 242
Less than or equalAlt + 243
Square RootAlt + 251
Open Bracket(Alt + 40
Close Bracket)Alt + 41
Fraction Slash/Alt + 47
Quarter¼Alt + 0188
Half½Alt + 0189
Three quarters¾Alt + 0190
Decimal Point.Alt + 46
Power nAlt + 252
To the power of 1¹Alt + 0185
squared²Alt + 0178
cubed³Alt + 0179
PiπAlt + 227
Degree sign°Alt + 248
Number Sign#Alt + 35
InfinityAlt + 236
Micro SymbolµAlt + 230
Suggest definitionAlt + 239
Top halfAlt + 244
Bottom HalfAlt + 245
Partial DifferentialAlt + 8706 (W)
IncrementAlt + 8710 (W)
N-AryAlt + 8719 (W)
Right AngleAlt + 8735 (W)

Note: the alt codes with (W) at the end mean that they can only work in Microsoft Word.

Below is a step-by-step guide to type any of these Mathematical Signs with the help of the alt codes in the above table.

(Video) Learn how to type Symbols using the Keyboard Shortcuts ALT+ 3 Digit Code To get Symbols like ® © Ω µ

  • To begin, open the document in which you want to type the Mathematical Symbols. It could be Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, or even in your web browser.
  • Press the Num Lock key to turn it on. In other words, make certain that the numeric keypad’s keys are not disabled.
  • Hold down the Alt key and type the alt code of the Mathematical Sign you want to type using the numeric keypad. The table above contains the alt codes for the various Math Symbols.
  • Now release the Alt key after typing the alt code with the numeric keypad.

NOTE: This option is only for Windows users. To type Math Symbols on Mac, refer to the next option.

How to Type Mathematical Symbols on Mac (Shortcut)

One of the easiest ways to get math symbols on Mac is to use the keyboard viewer.

A keyboard viewer is a tool that displays an on-screen keyboard.

With it, you can get all the math symbols and characters you want.

Obey the steps below to show the Keyboard Viewer in the menu bar for Mac:

  • Click on the Apple Icon on the upper left corner of the menu bar.
  • A list of items appears in a drop-down, simple click on System preference.
  • Click to select the Keyboard tab.
  • Select this checkbox: Show keyboard, Emoji, & Symbol Viewers in menu bar.

Obey the steps below to type math symbols on Mac using the Keyboard Viewer:

  • Click on the Keyboard Viewer icon.
  • Select Show Character Viewer.
  • Select the Math Symbols category from the symbol library.
  • From there, double click any math symbol you want to insert into your document.

These are the steps you may use to get math symbols on Mac.

Insert Mathematical Symbols in Word

NOTE: As shown already, using the above methods can help you get math symbols on both Windows and Mac.

However, you can continue reading below if you want to learn more methods about how to insert these characters specifically into your Word document.

In addition to the alt code method, there are two other ways to insert the Math Symbols in Microsoft Word. The first method involved using the insert symbol dialog box, while the second method involved using a keyboard shortcut that only works in Word.

Let’s explore these options one after the other.

(Video) Alt Codes Keyboard Math Symbols Shortcut

Using Insert Symbol dialog

To insert the Math Characters using the insert symbol dialog box, obey the following instructions:

  • Open up your Word document and place the cursor where you want to insert the Character.
  • On the Insert tab, go to Symbols > Symbol > More Symbols.
How To Type Math Symbols on Keyboard + Alt Codes - How to Type Anything (1)
  • The Symbol dialog box will appear. Select Mathematical Operators from the “Subset:” drop-down list. This will display all the symbols under this category.
  • Locate the Math Symbol you wish to insert and double-click on it. Alternatively, click to select your desired Math Symbols and click on the Insert button to insert into your document.
How To Type Math Symbols on Keyboard + Alt Codes - How to Type Anything (2)
  • Close the dialog.

These are the steps you may use to insert these symbols in Word using the Insert Symbol dialog box.

Using keyboard shortcut for Word

Each of the Math Operators has its own set of shortcuts designed only to function in Microsoft Word.

Thus, if you want to type these symbols in a program other than Word, turn to other methods discussed in this post.

Below are the various shortcuts to type Math Symbols in Microsoft Word:

DescriptionMath SymbolShortcut in Word
Plus Sign+002B, Alt + X
Minus Sign2212, Alt + X
Multiplication Sign×00D7, Alt + X
Obelus / Division ign÷00F7, Alt + X
Percentage Sign%0025, Alt + X
Per mille (per thousand)0089, Alt + X
Plus or Minus±00B1, Alt + X
Exactly Identical2261, Alt + X
Equals=003D, Alt + X
Not Equal to2260, Alt + X
Approximately equal2248, Alt + X
Less Than<003C, Alt + X
Greater Than>003E, Alt + X
Greater than or equal2265, Alt + X
Less than or equal2264, Alt + X
Square Root221A, Alt + X
Degree sign°00B0, Alt + X
Infinity221E, Alt + X
SummationΣ2211, Alt + X
Partial Differential2202, Alt + X
Increment2206, Alt + X
N-Ary220F, Alt + X
Right Angle221F, Alt + X

Obey the following instructions to use these Math Symbols shortcuts:

  • Open your MS Word and place the curser where you need to insert the symbol.
  • Type the Unicode for the symbol (codes are in table above)
  • Immediately after the code, simply press Ctrl+X on your keyboard.

These steps will help you type any math symbol you need.

Insert Mathematical Signs in Excel

If you are using a Windows PC, you can easily type any math symbol in Excel. Mac users can also use the shortcuts stated in section two of this tutorial.

(Video) Smiles, Math Symbols, Copyright Symbols etc Using KeyBoard- Alt Combination

However, if you are looking for another way to achieve this specifically in Microsoft Excel, the steps below will show you.

To insert Math Signs in Excel:

  • Launch Excel.
  • Select the cell that will contain the character.
  • On the Insert tab, click on the Symbols drop-down button and select Symbol from the list.
How To Type Math Symbols on Keyboard + Alt Codes - How to Type Anything (3)
  • The Symbols Dialog box will appear. From the “Subset:” drop down list, select Mathematical Operators. All the symbols under this group will appear.
How To Type Math Symbols on Keyboard + Alt Codes - How to Type Anything (4)
  • Click to select the particular Math Characters you want to insert, then click on the Insert button. Alternatively, double click on the symbol to insert it into your Excel document.

These are all the steps needed to insert any of the Math Symbols you need.

Insert Math Characters in PowerPoint

Just like on Microsoft Word and Excel, you can use the Math Symbols alt code to type them into your PowerPoint document.

However, if you want another way to perform this task especially for PowerPoint, keep reading.

To insert Math Symbols in PowerPoint:

  • Open your PowerPoint document.
  • Place the insertion pointer on the slide you need the character.
  • Go to the Insert tab on the ribbon.
  • Click on the Symbols button to launch the Symbol dialog box.
How To Type Math Symbols on Keyboard + Alt Codes - How to Type Anything (6)
  • The Symbol dialog box will appear. From the “Subset” drop-down list, select Latin-1 Supplement. You should see all the Math Signs under this category of symbols.
  • Select the particular Math Symbol you wish to insert and click on the Insert button. Otherwise, just double-click on the symbol you want to insert into your PowerPoint document.
How To Type Math Symbols on Keyboard + Alt Codes - How to Type Anything (7)
(Video) Mathematical Symbols keyboard shortcuts
  • Close the dialog.

These are the steps you need to be able to insert the Mathematical Symbols in Microsoft PowerPoint using the Insert symbol dialog.

Copy and Paste Math Symbols

Another easy way you can get the Math Symbols on any PC (whether Windows or Mac) is to use my favorite method:copy and paste.

All you have to do is to copy the symbol from somewhere like a web page or the character map for windows users, and head over to where you need the symbol (say in Word, Excel, or PowerPoint), then hit Ctrl+V to paste.

You can also use the Character Map to copy and paste any symbol or character on Windows. It contains every symbol or character you can think of.

Obey the following instructions on how to use the Character Map on any Windows PC.

  • Click on theStartbutton and search for Character Map. The Character Map app will appear in the search results, click on it to open.
How To Type Math Symbols on Keyboard + Alt Codes - How to Type Anything (8)
  • The Character Map dialog will appear.
  • Select the Math Symbols you want to insert by double-clicking on it, it should appear in theCharacter to copy:field, then click on theCopybutton to copy the symbol.
  • Switch to your document where you want to paste the copied symbol, place the insertion pointer at the desired location and press Ctrl + V to paste.

This is how you may use the Character Map dialog to copy and paste any symbol on Windows PC.


Among all these several options to type the Mathematical Signs, I think using the alt code method for Windows is the fastest option, provided you know the alt code for that particular symbol you want to type.

If you happen to use the Mathematical Signs often, you may consider making a cheat sheet for your reference.

Using the keyboard shortcut to type Math Symbols is also a handy method for Mac users.

However, you can also use the mouse-based approach if you are inserting these symbols in any of the Office programs like Word, Excel, or PowerPoint.

(Video) How to use ALT codes to enter scientific symbols


How do you type special characters with Alt codes? ›

Inserting ASCII characters

To insert an ASCII character, press and hold down ALT while typing the character code. For example, to insert the degree (º) symbol, press and hold down ALT while typing 0176 on the numeric keypad. You must use the numeric keypad to type the numbers, and not the keyboard.

How do you type ≥? ›

Hold down the Alt key while typing 242 on the keypad, then release the Alt key and the greater than or equal to sign should appear: ≥.

How do I type φ? ›

Phi uppercase and lowercase symbol codes

Use the Alt + X shortcut in Word for Windows, for example type 03A6 then Alt + X to enter Φ. Or enter the value into Character Code fields in Symbol dialog boxes to jump to that symbol.

What does ⇒ mean in math? ›

⇒ (the implies sign) means “logically implies that”. (E.g., “if it's raining, then it's pouring” is equivalent to saying “it's raining ⇒ it's pouring.”) The history of this symbol is unclear. ⇐⇒ (the iff sign) means “if and only if” and is used to connect logically equivalent statements.

What are the 7 techniques of typing? ›

Proper Keyboarding Techniques
  • Remember to sit up tall.
  • Look at the screen and not at your hands.
  • Stay on your home keys. ...
  • Only your fingertips should be touching the keyboard.
  • Pull your elbows in at your waist.
  • Feel for the raised dots on the F and the J keys.

What is the θ symbol called? ›

Greek Alphabet
20 more rows

What does φ stand for? ›

What Is Phi? Phi is an irrational mathematical constant, approximately 1.618.., and is often denoted by the Greek letter φ. Other commonly used names for Phi are: Golden Mean, Extreme and Mean Ratio, Divine Proportion and Golden Ratio.

What does :> mean in texting? ›

means "Angry."

What is R * in math? ›

The set of projective projectively extended real numbers. Unfortunately, the notation is not standardized, so the set of affinely extended real numbers, denoted here , is also denoted. by some authors.

What does ∵ mean? ›

The inverted form, ∵, known as the because sign, is sometimes used as a shorthand form of "because".

What is the 10 finger method in typing? ›

Your left fingers are placed on the keys A, S, D and F. Your right fingers are on the keys J, K, L and semicolon. Your thumbs are on the space bar. You can find the basic position without looking at your keyboard.

What are the six secret keyboarding techniques? ›

  • 6 Secret Keyboarding Techniques for Typing Faster. ...
  • Maintain erect posture during typing. ...
  • Deploy touch typing. ...
  • Use correct fingering. ...
  • Put the habit of looking only at the screen. ...
  • Press non-letter keys properly. ...
  • Keep a pace in typing.
12 Sept 2017

What is the fastest typing method? ›

Speed in writing

Touch-typing is also generally faster than hunting and pecking. This is because keeping your hands still and making use of all eight fingers and thumbs on the space bar is more efficient than moving them around the keyboard in search of individual keys.

What is ABCD in Japan? ›

The Japanese media, influenced by military propagandists, began to refer to the embargoes as the "ABCD ("American-British-Chinese-Dutch") encirclement" or "ABCD line".

Do Japanese say R or L? ›

When using English letters for Japanese, almost everyone uses the “R” character and drops the “L” from romaji, but the truth of the matter is that neither R nor L exist in Japanese. The sounds signified are usually written as “ra, ri, ru, re, ro,” but these aren't the same “r” as the ones we use in English.

Do Japanese talk in 3rd person? ›

The so-called "third person" in a Japanese (or East Asian for that matter) sense isn't the same as using "he" or "she" to talk about oneself, however. In fact, the "third person" for Japanese people stops at only using one's own name to substitute first-person pronouns (watashi, ore, boku, etc.).

What is the best age to learn typing? ›

It's generally considered appropriate for kids to learn to type when their hands are big enough to fit comfortably on a standard keyboard, typically around 6 or 7 years of age.

How do you type a list of special characters? ›

To type special characters in Windows, hold the Alt key, type the number code associated with the special character you want using the numpad that's located on the right side of your keyboard.

What does Alt 255 do? ›

The magic sequence of keys Alt-255 typed at numeric keypad places an Invisible Character symbol into text. This character looks like a blank space in the program code and SAS output but is processed and printed by many programs as a valid text character.

How do I type custom symbols? ›

How to Create Symbols Using Alt Codes
  1. Open a document where you want to see the symbol.
  2. Make sure the Num Lock key is on.
  3. Press and hold down your left Alt key.
  4. Press the 1 key on your Number pad.
  5. Press the 5 key on your Number pad.
  6. Press the 5 key on your Number pad.
17 Jul 2022

Which key is used to type special characters? ›

Windows. In Microsoft Windows, holding down the Alt key while typing in numbers (often referred to as Alt codes) on the numeric keypad allows the user to type special characters not normally available on the keyboard.

Is a * a special character? ›

A special character is one that is not considered a number or letter. Symbols, accent marks, and punctuation marks are considered special characters.

Is _ a special character? ›

Below is a list of special characters available on the typical U.S. keyboard, with links to their related pages.
Keyboard special characters.
(Open or left parenthesis.
)Close or right parenthesis.
-Hyphen, minus, or dash.
28 more rows
12 May 2021

What does Alt 251 do? ›

Alt + 2 5 1 : You'll get √ , because you'll use OEM 437, where 251 is for square root.

What is Alt F2 used for? ›

Whether you want to force-quit a hanging application, quickly launch your favorite program, or perform any other task that you can think of, Alt + F2 is there to ease the task for you. This keyboard shortcut works by default on all Linux distributions that use GNOME, KDE, or Xfce desktop environments.

What does Alt F4 really do? ›

What is Alt + F4? Alt + F4 is a keyboard shortcut that completely closes the application you're currently using on your computer. Alt + F4 differs slightly from Ctrl + F4, which closes the current tab or window of the program you're currently using.

How do you make symbols in text? ›

Click on a blank area of any text field, hold down the Alt key (for Windows) or the Option key (for Mac), and using the number pad, type in the code numbers associated with your symbol. Let go of the Alt / Option key, and the symbol should appear on the text field.

How do you type weird letters? ›

The US International Keyboard gives you two ways to add a special character: Use the right-hand Alt key in combination with the appropriate letter to get one of the more common combinations. For example, Alt+e will result in: é Press the symbol you want to use and then the letter you want to use it with.

How do I insert a symbol? ›

Insert a symbol
  1. On the Insert menu, click Advanced Symbol, and then click the Symbols tab.
  2. Click the symbol that you want.


1. Add accents, symbols and more with Alt codes for special characters
2. How to Create Special Characters/Symbols in Windows (Alt Codes)
(Dan's Guide to Everything)
3. How to type symbols using the alt codes
(Kaitlin Chin)
4. ALT Code Tutorial
(Isaiah Quigley)
5. Alt codes and Excel math supports
(Jim Kauppila)
6. Type Math Symbols
(Jessica Turner)
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